WE-APEC surveyed all 21 APEC economies to identify as many service providers in the ecosystem of women’s entrepreneurship—business networks, private sector initiatives, and government services—against the PPWE’s five priorities for women’s economic empowerment: (1) access to capital and assets; (2) access to markets; (3) skills, capacity-building and health; (4) leadership, voice, and agency; and (5) innovation and technology. Based on this research, a profile was developed for each of the 21 APEC economies that summarizes the main activities in each of the three components. See below for each economy’s profile.  If your organization or service provider is missing, you can submit the name and description here


In three decades, Australia has strived to establish a robust set of conditions for the economic empowerment of women. The Australian government put in place many initiatives pertaining to women and health, education, work, law, education and welfare, thus reducing historic imbalances between men and women.

Brunei Darussalam

Brunei Darussalam, a sovereign state on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia, is a prosperous economy with great potential for private sector development, including through increased support for female entrepreneurs.


Canada has long supported women’s economic empowerment through its domestic and international policies. Canada has a number of government departments, financial institutions, NGOs, business associations, and women-owned enterprises aimed at advancing the economic contributions of women, within Canada and beyond.


Chile’s commitment in recent years to increasing the economic participation of women has produced notable results.

Hong Kong, China

Hong Kong, China, has long been recognized in East Asia, the Pacific region, and beyond as one of the best places to be an entrepreneur.


The business environment in Indonesia presents a range of opportunities for women in the private sector, while simultaneously requiring them to navigate obstacles to their success. 


The necessity of women’s full integration and participation in Japan’s economy has become apparent; the third largest economy in the world, Japan is also the fastest-aging economy in history. 

Republic of Korea

Strongly focused on technology and innovation, the Republic of Korea is the world’s most research and development-intensive and second most innovative economy.


Malaysia is growing quickly, opening doors for male and female entrepreneurs alike.


Although economic opportunity for women in Mexico has long lagged behind that of the economy’s men, Mexico has seen considerable progress in recent years. Today, men and women share similar educational opportunities and they graduate from secondary school and university at approximately the same rates.

New Zealand

Viewed as one of the world’s strongest examples of economic freedom and free-market opportunity, New Zealand has become one of the world’s most entrepreneurial and business-friendly economies.

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is at a pivotal point in its development. With its gross domestic product expected to grow over 20 percent in 2015 as a result of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) project, PNG has a unique opportunity to meaningfully advocate for women’s full integration and participation into the economy.

People's Republic of China

China’s well-documented transition from centralized economic development through state-owned enterprises (SOEs) to decentralized growth through socialist market economics is exemplified through the rise of non-SOEs, many of which take the form of small and medium enterprises (SMEs).


Peru is considered one of the strongest environments for women entrepreneurs in Latin America.


The prospects are bright for women entrepreneurs residing in the Philippines. While its regional peers experienced slower growth and other economic disruptions over the last decade, the Philippines fared comparatively well.

Russian Federation

The Russian Federation has a long tradition of women’s active participation in its economy. As of 2012, women made up around half of the workers in Russia’s nonagricultural economy and represented more than 60 percent of high-skilled professionals.


Since its independence in 1965, Singapore has experienced rapid economic growth, largely through constantly adapting its economic strategies and policies to evolving challenges and priorities.

Chinese Taipei

Chinese Taipei has long supported women’s economic empowerment and the integration of gender awareness into the workforce and public policymaking.


Thailand has long encouraged and supported female participation in its workforce. 

United States

The ecosystem for women entrepreneurs in the United States is vibrant and growing, with room for room for improvement. 

Viet Nam

In the nearly 30 years since political and economic reforms, referred to as Doi Moi, were introduced in Viet Nam, the economy has experienced a vast economic transformation.